"There is no exception to the rule that every rule has an exception-" – James
More than a hundred years have passed since Steinitz formulated his Theory of Positional play. Chess has really evolved and come a long way since then. Even Steinitz started off as an attacking player before formulating his positional rules. He always held true to his statement and idea that "The king is an attacking piece". Those were the times of Gambits and sacrifices but modern chess is more "Prophylactic" and restrictive in Nature. Eyebrows are raised when you see a king’s gambit being played in an elite event these days, but it was probably the most popular opening during the time of Steinitz. He played a lot of games in which he quickly lost his right to castle (not very accurately at times) and played aggressively with his king in the centre. Chess has changed a lot since then and consequently so have the openings. Although you will see today that even modern players and Kings take a walk in the centre of the board and a hundred years since still manage to get away with it.
The first position is from the game Tomi Nyback – Anish Giri 2010. The Dutch GM who is currently a member of world elite had a modest 2588 at the time this game was played.
Tomi Nyback – Anish Giri, Corus B, 2010.
White has just avoided the exchange of bishops by playing 17.Bg5 but black insists on the trade with 17…..Be7!?18.Bxe7 Ke7 19.Qa3+ Qb4 20.Qe3 (20.Qf3 was also an interesting option and after Rad8 black might be able to keep the balance.) 20….c5 21.d5?. A reflexive and obvious reaction by white especially if you miss Black’s strong response. 21….Kd6!!
Position on the board after 21….Kd6!!
The black king marches forward without hesitation or fear. After this White is unable to form a clear plan, and gets easily outplayed by Black. 22.a3 Qa4 23.Rd3 b5 24.Rc3 Rhc8 25.Be2 Ne5 26.Kd2 b4. Ironically it was white’s king that came under a strong attack and white lost in a few moves.
In the next position White has some extra space in the position, but he still has to make some real improvements to his position to claim an advantage.
Efimenko,Z - Kraemer,Mart, Bundesliga, 2010
White has just played 20.Nc1 improving its position from e2 with ideas Nd3-b4 and Qd3. Black naively went 20….Bg5?! .It is not immediately obvious why this move is bad. Black wants to force white to play f4 and hopes the slightly open king would give him more opportunities for counterplay but you will see the game only benefits white. (The direct 20…Bd8 was definitely better) 21.f4! Bd8 and now comes black’s real surprise.22.Kf2! Ba5 23.Ke3!! Supporting d4 and preparing both Qd3 and Nd3 as necessary.
Position on the board after 23.Ke3!!
A strong king march to the centre!. Black’s dubious 21 st move hashelped white achieve this. White has managed to improve hisposition considerably in the last few moves and the surprise of theking March had a negative psychological effect on Black.
23….Qf1!? Black tries to “punish” white for his overzealous play. Although it was already hard to recommend something for Black except maybe (23…Kg7 24.Qd3 Qc4!? But such decisions are hard to make on the board especially when it’s not clear if it’s equal.) 24. Nd3 Qh3 the queen could not do much here. After 25. Rb3! White comfortably took over the position in a few moves and won.
The first game that one thinks of when considering king marches isthe renowned Short-Timman Tilburg 1991. The English grandmaster has also another king march to his credit although lesser known, definitely impressive.
Garry Kasparov-Nigel Short London 1987
In the diagram position Black played 44….Re7 threatening Ne3+ (44…Ne3+ allows 45.Be3 Qe3 46.Qg8 Kg6 47.Qe6+ with a perpetual) 45.R1b2 and now Black, characteristic for our theme went 45…Kg6! 46.Bc1 (46.Re8 was necessary). Black continued with his march with the brilliant 46….Kh5!!
Position on the board after 46…Kh5!!
The bold king March was a bit too much to digest even for the World champion and he quickly collapsed.
47. Ra8? Qc5 48.Rc8? Qa3 49.g4 Bg4 50.Rc4 Qa1! White resigns.
My own experience with King march was rather unconvincing but more dramatic. The game was played right after I had become a Grandmaster. After being outplayed in a sharp fight I set up a last trap with the move 29.Nf3!?
My opponent confidently responded with the accurate 29... Ne2+! and after 30.Kh4 the king march begins.
At this point a move like h6 halting the king with the puny soldier would have given the point to black but fortunately for me my opponent did not see the impending danger and took on f3.
After 31.Kg5! Mate suddenly seems unstoppable.
If Black plays 31...Rf8 32.Kh6 leads to a forced mate on h7. In desperation my opponent responded with 31...Rf7 and 32.Rxf7 Kg8 33.Rc7 Kf8 34.Kf6 mate is inevitable and the final position deserves a diagram.
Position on the board after 34.Kf6
The game is more of a tragicomedy and I was happy to be on the funny side of it.
I have always been fascinated by exceptions in chess and of the lot, king moves are my favourite. Who wouldn’t be excited to see a king boldly marching down the board in an active Middlegame.100 years since king marches have evolved wonderfully and are still very much alive.